Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can be a source of frustration and self-consciousness, impacting both physical appearance and emotional well-being.
Acne occurs when dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria clog the pores, leading to inflammation and breakouts. Cutibacterium acnes, an overgrowth of bacteria, can trigger the release of inflammatory cytokines and messengers, resulting in acne. Additionally, several other factors can contribute to acne formation, including: